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The World’s Best Countries in Science

In Technology, World on ஒக்ரோபர் 1, 2012 at 11:07 பிப

 

SourceThe World’s Best Countries in Science: Scientific American

A: RESEARCH PAPERS: Score, on a 100-point scale, based on science papers in top journals (Digital Science, 2011)
B: PATENTS ISSUED: Number of patents (U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, 2011)
C: EXPENDITURE: Gross domestic expenditure on research and development (2009*)
D: HIGHER EDUCATION: Number of science and engineering doctoral degrees awarded (2009*)

RESEARCH PAPERS PATENTS ISSUED EXPENDITURE HIGHER EDUCATION
1. U.S. 1. U.S. 1. U.S. 1. U.S.
2. Germany 2. Japan 2. China 2. Germany
3. China 3. South Korea 3. Japan 3. U.K.
4. Japan 4. Germany 4. Germany 4. Japan
5. U.K. 5. Taiwan 5. France 5. France
6. France 6. Canada 6. U.K. 6. Italy
7. Canada 7. France 7. Russian Fed. 7. Brazil
8. South Korea 8. U.K. 8. Italy 8. Canada
9. Italy 9. China 9. Canada 9. Spain
10. Spain 10. Italy 10. Spain 10. Australia
11. Switzerland 11. Australia 11. Australia 11. Sweden
12. Australia 12. Israel 12. Sweden 12. Switzerland
13. Netherlands 13. Netherlands 13. Netherlands 13. Poland
14. India 14. Switzerland 14. Switzerland 14. Netherlands
15. Taiwan 15. Sweden 15. Austria 15. Turkey
16. Israel 16. India 16. Turkey 16. Portugal
17. Singapore 17. Finland 17. Israel 17. Czech Reublic
18. Sweden 18. Belgium 18. Belgium 18. Austria
19. Belgium 19. Austria 19. Finland 19. Belgium
20. Denmark 20. Denmark 20. Denmark 20. Mexico
21. Austria 21. Singapore 21. Mexico 21. Finland
22. Russian Fed. 22. Hong Kong 22. Poland 22. Israel
23. Hong Kong 23. Spain 23. South Africa 23. Slovakia
24. Brazil 24. Norway 24. Norway 24. Denmark
25. Finland 25. Ireland 25. Portugal 25. Greece
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